Today, ifconfig was not working for me. I think this happened after I installed X11 on my headless server.

$ ifconfig
bash: ifconfig: command not found

It turns out something removed /sbin from my $PATH. Read more about the $PATH here.

The ifconfig-command resides in /sbin:

$ whereis ifconfig
ifconfig: /sbin/ifconfig

The solution is to put something like this in your .bashrc:

export PATH

By karlo